have helped in bringing out a much needed focus
and pressure on basic development issues, which in turn led the governments at national and sub
national levels to do better planning and implement more intensive policies and programmes. The
MDGs originated from the Millennium Declaration adopted by the General Assembly of the United
Nations in September 2000.The eight (8) Goals are as under:
extreme poverty and hunger
universal primary education
gender equality and empower women
4. Eliminate gender disparity in primary
preferably by 2005, and in all levels
of education no later than 2015.
5. Reduce by two thirds, between 1990
and 2005, the under-5 mortality rates.
6. Reduce by three quarters, between
1990 and 2015, the maternal mortality